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Challenge Entry: Linked Open Bibliographies

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Voting closed 15 Dec. 2012. 14 Liked

Title: Linked Open Bibliographies

Team: Linked Open Bibliographies

Short Description

Our team is looking into developing an approach for building and publishing linked open bibliographies, including tools for storing bibliographic data and annotations, and markup approaches for publishing these citations as linked open data.

Long Description

Researchers often generate annotated bibliographies in the course of their work, as personal reference tools or as learning objects for students conducting research or learning about important concepts in their field. These bibliographies are active documents, including not only bibliographic metadata about the items described, but also context about those items and their importance, as well as links to other information about them.

Linked open data, using lightweight technologies such as microdata, can greatly enhance the value of these bibliographies. Because they are highly structured documents, they easily lend themselves to linked open data markup; because they contain annotations providing context about items contained within them, they provide new data for the linked open data web that may not exist elsewhere. Initiatives such as schema.org [1] provide tools for document markup compatible with the linked data cloud, and projects such as VIVO [2] provide examples of how structured bibliographic data (in this case, faculty profiles and CVs) may be represented on the Web.

The Linked Open Bibliographies initiative has two goals: a) to develop tools allowing scholars to easily construct bibliographies that mark up annotated bibliographies in more meaningful ways, exposing their structured data to additional Web applications; and b) to build a vocabulary for marking up structured bibliographic data within these documents, using existing vocabularies such as schema.org to the extent possible, and minting new terms where necessary. Ultimately we would like to provide a tool for scholars to construct bibliographies, assigning structure to citations and annotations using a Web form (XForms or similar technology), and providing a mapping for linking to occur in the background.

Defining a proof of concept for the idea is the first stage of this project. Our seed data comes from the Three Percent translation database at the University of Rochester (http://www.rochester.edu/College/translation/threepercent). Some of the enhancements we are making to this database include:

* developing a simple vocabulary for marking up individual citations in this database with schema.org attributes for monographs, to which we may map the Three Percent elements
* developing a proof of concept as to how these documents may be published on the Web using microdata, and connected to other linked open data sets

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